Posted in Car Review by Manu E Nampoothiri on August 16, 2009


Fiat LINEA a satisfactory work of FIAL(Fiat India Automobiles Ltd) is a semi-luxury sedan car. It has packed in with many utilities of space and features.

Let us get into to some of its technical details:
Technical Specs


Appealing, Fluid and stylish exterior body design. Dual parabolic head lambs add more to the  look of the car. Grille is looking more metallic and give a feel of raising forward. Tail lambs seen more blended to the body design. Any way it is a new type of sedan to look less aerodynamic.
Interior of the car is equipped with well featured instrument cluster. The dash and the interior as a whole is furnished in black and beige colours.

Seats are tailored on welvet and more space is made to avail for the users. More storage space in boot (about 500 Liters), Driver can recognize and control all the actions on door and window. A two din CD/MP3 player blended with the borad seems more cute.

My Car

Almost all models include “My Car” system, which enables the driver to communicate with the car easily. Warnings, information of the engine, speed etc are displayed on the front  display.The top end models such as “EMOTION Pack” are equipped with integrated bluetooth system “Blue&Me” to communicate easily with your mobile and to control the music player through the buttons on the steering drum. It also enables to read SMS on the front display.



The petrol engine in linea is FIRE(Fully Integrated Robotised Engine) a powerful and silent one and delivering a fair speed and acceleration. But it is a bit thirsty one. Whereas the diesel engine is an economical and at many of the times it shows 20km/ltr or above with A/C.Multijet Diesel engine with VGT (Variable Geometry Turbocharger)is used in the linea. Diesel engine is a roaring one but the vibrations or the sound of the engine will never irritate the passengers. Nice insulation of sound and heat, which improves comfort inside the car.

Multijet Diesel Engine

Multijet Diesel Engine


The driving and handling of the car is more satisfactory .But acceleration of diesel car is a bit sluggish but after reaching speed above 40 km/hr it accelerates some more energetically. Clutch is very smooth and so driving is effort less. Gear shift is somewhat not smooth, Steering is a bit outstanding so the handling. Brakes are free to apply and is more reactive. About 134 km/hr the vehicle is smooth and vibration less, no experience futher the speed. Good control on road.

Colours available : Flamenco red, Perla champegne, Minimal Grey, Hip hop black.

Final word. it is a good looking semi-luxury sedan with value for the money spent. No one will feel sad after buying a Fiat Linea. I will gave an overall rating of 7.75 /10

Information: fiatlinea


trying.a.second.attempt. .

Posted in Car Review by Manu E Nampoothiri on August 16, 2008

“500 smiles welcome the Fiat 500 to India” says Fiat india.

fiat is doing the finishing touches to establish it’s stability in Indian market.They are targeting fiat 500 model to do all these success for them. The Fiat 500 small car will be imported to India as a completely built unit, as an image building exercise for the car maker in the country. The Fiat 500 as a mass market product in India, considering that it will cost more than much larger cars in India, like the Skoda Octavia or Honda Civic. The Fiat 500 will be a flagship model for the company – Fiat’s image has not really recovered in India after their initial hiccups in the late 1990s. Their alliance with Tata Motors in India has taken care of the negativity somewhat, but customers are still nervous about going in for a Fiat. A high end, iconic model (for India) like the Fiat 500 should go some way in restroing Fiat’s credibility in India.

Unlike other companies like Honda, Hyundai, Skoda, etc giving medium level luxury sedan for the price. The fiat 500 will cost about 13 lacs(or above) rupees. Where the car is having the technical specifications as listed
Engine : 1400cc-petrol | 1200cc-petrol | 1248cc-diesel(multijet),
Power : 100 bhp | 69 bhp | 75 bhp,
Torque : about 14.8kgm@1500 rpm for diesel.
Lenght : 3.55 metres | – | – | ,
It is having seven airbags for advanced security. And has many added facilities such as engine meets Euro-5 norms, 185-litre boot space.

Fiat 500 in India

Fiat 500 in India


Two door(first in this class),

Three variant engines,

Fiats label.


Unacceptable price,

High cost on spares,

Existing luxury sedans starting from Swift Dzire, Honda City, Civic, Suzuki SX4, Skoda Octavia, etc with pricing less than Fiat-500.

My Expectation

In my opinion the fiat-500 will not be able to succeed in india. Lowering the cost may promote sales. Which is not possible, since above 75 percent of components are imported. Two or three may get sold in an year ;).

My opinion is not what that is going to happen., you can also give your opinion. Comments please.

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Posted in Car Review, Technical by Manu E Nampoothiri on August 15, 2008

As you know the Hyundai i10 has launched on October 2007 in india. As the car is in mini car segment it is having a sleek and compact design with incorporated luxury in it. In last month the had revised the engine technology in i10 so as to keep challenge against the competitors. The new technology thus introduced is the Kappa engine.

Kappa engine fitted i10

Kappa engine fitted i10

Hyundai´s i10 minicar with a 1.25 liter Kappa engine will deliver a fuel economy rating of 5.0L/100km (47 mpg) in the European combined test cycle––for best in class performance. And Kappa runs cleaner than the competition: In the European combined test cycle, an i10 equipped with the Kappa engine produces just 119g/km of CO2–far less than the Fiat Panda, Fiat Punto, Opel Corsa, Renault Twingo and Nissan Micra.

Kappa also impresses with its high specific torque rating of 9.6kg.m per liter––best in class––for excellent drivability in stop–and–go city traffic. Kappa will also be installed in Hyundai´s i20 due to be revealed at this autumn´s Paris Auto Show.

Developed over a period of 48 months, the Kappa project harnessed all of Hyundai´s engineering know–how in the quest to squeeze more energy out of each droplet of fuel while achieving EURO–4 emissions compliancy.

Kappa puts out 77.8ps@6000rpm––very competitive within the European A–segment––but peak torque is rated best–in–class at 12.0kg.m per 4000rpm––ensuring outstanding acceleration and driving enjoyment.

Kappa adopts a number of weight and friction reducing innovations to achieve its impressive fuel economy.

First, the engine block is made from high pressure die–cast aluminum which results in considerable weight savings: Weighing a mere 82.4kg (1.2 with manual gearbox)?Kappa is the lightest in its class among leading European and Japanese–made engines (using the same measuring criteria across the competitive set).

The Kappa engine

The Kappa Engine

Kappa´s main block features a ladder frame construction for superior structural stiffness while its cylinders are fitted with cast–iron liners for improved abrasion durability. Additional weight was shaved off by integrating the engine support bracket with the timing chain cover.

But probably the most significant engineering innovation is Kappa´s offset crankshaft, an engineering concept first adopted in the Gamma engine introduced last year.

Unlike a conventional engine where the centreline of the cylinder bore is in perfect vertical alignment with the rotating axis of the crankshaft, the Kappa´s centreline is offset by a small distance. By creating this offset distance, engineers have succeeded in minimizing the side force created by the pistons. The net effect is an improvement in fuel consumption and a reduction in noise, vibration and harshness.

Engineers also devised an innovative piston concept to reduce piston mass. The shape of the piston skirt was optimized to reduce its size while the compression height of the piston was also reduced, resulting in precious weight savings.

The optimized piston skirt is also treated with Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2), a special anti–friction coating.

A highly sophisticated process of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) is used to apply an ultra–thin layer of chromium nitride (CrN) to the piston´s oil ring. CrN ensures high wear resistance and a low friction coefficient. CrN–coated piston rings using PVD is an innovative technology borrowed from the Tau V8 engine that Hyundai introduced earlier this year. Friction between the oil ring and cylinder wall has been further minimized by reducing the oil ring tension. The smaller mass and special surface treatment of the piston skirt and oil rings yielded additional savings in fuel consumption.

Kappa is the first Hyundai engine to be fitted with an accessory drive belt which does not require a mechanical auto–tensioning adjustment device, reducing the hardware and further lowering weight and cost. Because it is designed to maintain an ideal tension setting, the belt runs quieter and with proper preventative maintenance and care, the belt will last 100,000 miles.

Kappa uses a new, longer reach spark plug which enabled engineers to enlarge the size of the water jacket to promote more efficient engine cooling around the critically important spark plug and exhaust port area. Cooler operation also prevents engine knocking.

The long reach spark plug (M12 thread) also enabled engineers to enlarge the valve diameter for increased airflow and combustion efficiency.

Kappa´s valvetrain features a number of innovations: roller swing arm lowers friction in the valvetrain thereby helping improve fuel efficiency. Hydraulic lash adjusters ensure clearances between the valve stem and roller swing arm are always perfect: zero, eliminating valve tapping noise.

A new valve spring features an innovative beehive shape and smaller retainer. Its reduced weight and spring load help lower friction and improve fuel economy.

Kappa´s valvetrain is driven by a silent–type steel timing chain that replaces roller–type timing chain: The optimized design greatly reduces impact forces and noise when the gear tooth and chain engage. Moreover, the chain requires absolutely no maintenance.

A lightweight, heat–resistant engineering plastic was specified for the intake manifold. This reduces cost and weight and yields an overall performance improvement.

The fuel delivery pipe assembly is a returnless type (to eliminate evaporative fuel emissions) and is made of SUS (steel use stainless) with an innovative inner structure for the reduction of pulsation noise.

Kappa is controlled by two 16–bit 32Mhz microprocessors for digitally precise control of the ignition timing, idle speed, knocking and emissions.

Kappa is the eleventh in its series of gasoline engines to be independently developed with Hyundai technology. The development story began in 1991 with the introduction of Hyundai´s first proprietary engine, the four–cylinder Alpha (see list below). Kappa will be manufactured in two variants 1.25 litres (EU) and 1.2 litres (Indian market only) at HMI´s No. 2 engine plant, where annual output is forecast to reach 250,000 units per year. With the newly–constructed No. 2 Kappa engine plant, HMI will have a total engine manufacturing capacity of 570,000 units per year, including the existing 320,000 units–per–year No. 1 Epsilon and Alpha engine plant. The Kappa engine plant begins production on July 15.

The information provided above is collected from read it